Abstract:Recent technological advancements in hydraulic fracturing have enabled the oil and gas industry to access shale gas. While it is estimated that shale gas, a clean source of energy, will account for 20% of the total U.S. gas supply by 2020, there have been serious concerns about potential adverse impacts of fracking on the environment and public health. Consequently, a patchwork of regulations has evolved in the United States to cope with the competing concerns of environmentalists and the oil and gas industry. After an overview of the technical aspects of the fracking process and environmental concerns, this article examines the successes and shortcomings of the statecentric regulatory system and the potential application of America’s regulatory scheme as a model for entrants into fracking. It reviews federal regulation of fracking and the comprehensive regulatory systems that vary from state-to-state.
Keywords:Constitutional demarcation of state and municipal compe tence; environmental protection; federal legislation; fracking; hydraulic fracturing; land use regulation; natural gas; preemption of municipal legislation; regulation
JICL welcomes full length articles (generally not exceeding 13,000 words inclusive of footnotes), shorter contributions in the form of notes and comments (generally not exceeding 8,000 words inclusive of footnotes) and book review articles of not more than 6,000 words.
We accept contributions for consideration on an exclusive submission basis. When submitting an article please certify that it is an unpublished article (that is, it has not been previously published in substantially similar form or with substantially similar content) and that it is not under consideration by any other journal.
To facilitate anonymous review, please give the names of authors and their short biographical information and acknowledgments in a separate page.
Authors retain copyright in the words used, but upon submission of material for publication, grant Sweet & Maxwell a licence to publish the submission in print and/or digital formats. Sweet & Maxwell retains copyright in the design, format and layout of all material published in JICL.
Once submissions are published, authors are entitled to one copy of the issue, 10 offprint copies and a PDF version of the submission.
Authors who send articles published in JICL to other publishers or media must include a reference to the publication of the article by JICL and Sweet & Maxwell.
Contributions and book reviews should be submitted in Microsoft Word format by way of email attachment to Professor Anton Cooray at Anton.firstname.lastname@example.org.
Authors should follow the OSCOLA citation system (http://www.law.ox.ac.uk/publications/oscola.php), except that we prefer authors to use indenting sparingly.
JICL uses the following heading levels: Main headings are in bold and preceded by a Roman numeral; second-level headings are in bold and italics and preceded by an uppercase alphabet; third-level headings are preceded by an Arabic numeral; and fourth-level headings are in italics and preceded by a lowercase alphabet.